America’s senior citizen population is a population that has been widely ignored by mainstream society and the media. It is no secret that the magnitude of this population is going to explode during the next couple decades with summation of the baby boomers. This group will become even more difficult to ignore with this massive increase of population in the area of both sheer numbers and percentage of the total population.
Speaking at the American Medical Association’s annual conference in Chicago this week, President Obama outlined his plan to reform the nation’s health care system. The president’s pitch was met with mixed reaction, particularly on the point of a public health insurance option. A group of physicians advocating for health care in low-income and minority communities explain how their communities could benefit from a public insurance plan.
If one examines data available from the United States Census Bureau, one will note that currently, persons age sixty-five and over are 40.2 Million in number. This amount is expected to grow to 63.9 million in 2025 and 88.5 million in 2050. If one calculates these numbers in relation as a percentage of our country’s projected total population, it will be found that currently persons age sixty-five and over account for 12.9 % Of our total population; in 2025, that percentage will rise to 17.8 %, and finally in 2050 that percentage will peak at 20.1%. Of the given ages and populations studied at the U.S Census Bureau, this is far and away the most dramatic increase (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008).
While having a compelling profile is a great start, effective use of Linked In’s additional features can help job seekers and business owners get the maximum of the site. The most useful of these measures are the Answers section and the vast array of groups organized around professional and personal interests.
There are many different ways which could serve to help this group. The purpose of this particular unit will be to help educate senior citizens on the benefits of eating healthier, the importance of identifying healthy and unhealthy foods, and how their lives and the life of others can be enhanced through nutrition. The reason I am interested in forming this type of group is founded on experience in the Outagamie Red Cross’s Shopping & Errand program. These I have been engaged in for the last couple months. I have performed shopping services for several different clients, and most of the food I have purchased is loaded with salt (salt causes the body to retain water and therefore gain weight, and also raises blood pressure), fat, and sugar. Many buy prepared boxed meals. These seem healthy, but are normally loaded with salt and fat. Another common thing that isn’t known is that deli meat is also loaded with salt. This item is purchased fairly often. However, the more subtle foods that are detrimental to one’s health aren’t so much the problem; the trouble is that a person will buy fruit bars, diet soda, candy, and apples; most of the diet is sugar, fat, and salt. This can cause a number of poor health conditions when not eaten in moderation. This suggests a personal lack of knowledge of the benefits of healthy nutrition, something that has become more mainstream since the 1990′s.
Way Too Much Information On Option Group Access
Health care workers need to orchestrate a shift in the way that we view ageing and health. This shift requires a greater emphasis on the advancement of well-being and not to the present focus on reducing or treating disease and minimizing the effects of disablement on individuals. Such a shift in perspective challenges us to see older people not as a burden upon the health care system but as active participants and contributors within the community (p. 277).
I like the idea of getting access to literature online but I haven’t been enamored with the idea of spending 300 or more bucks to buy an Amazon Kindle. The latest debacle over the recall of 1984 made me feel more likely to resist the call of the Amazon universe (audio story). Today, I made a visit to an alternative world for eBooks. For my book group I’m reading F. Scott Fitzgerald’s short stories. I was thinking how great it would …
The group will provide a treatment group and will focus on member ability to increase in personal knowledge of healthy eating and ability to act and to implement it into his or her life. The group will play a round-robin format and democratic leadership style. It is presumed that seniors who join this group will have different levels of knowledge of healthy eating; the group leader is presumed to be the ‘expert,’ the one who’ll know the answer or find it for the group. The group rules that would be employed would be that 1) no one is permitted to start talking until someone is finished, 2) to give advice, one must first obtain consent from the person to whom they would like to give advice, 3) no negative or demeaning talk about another person or their diet is allowed, 4) each person must open his or her turn to speak by stating his or her first name. The purpose of these rules is to keep conversation structured so that there’s a minimum of crosstalk and random chatter. This can cause impairments in group operation. It also keeps a minimal amount of information being presented. This will allow seniors to increase their focus and have more chance of remembering the information presented. Anticipated group norms include an emphasis on tradition, resistance to change, and will of a consistent routine. One structured activity that will be employed is having group participants write down all the different foods they eat for a week. Then bringing that information to the group. Each group member will be called upon to share one day’s worth of food he/she has eaten in the past week. Many people don’t realize how unhealthy their diets are until they share them with others; the group will also be required to safeguard against embarrassing the member to the point where he/she feels returning to the task isn’t an option. The member will then be required to describe the benefits of eating the healthy food and the drawbacks of eating the unhealthy food. What change could be carried out to improve his/her diet. If the member feels comfortable, he/she will be provided with the option to hear feedback from other group members or the group leader. This is a fairly concrete method of educating seniors on nutrition. The success of the task depends on how much members follow-through with their freshly-acquired knowledge.
Even though, at this stage, your group is not completely finished, the basic or you can be said that the initial phase is over. After the initial few steps are over, the next you need to decide is whether your groups is going to Open (anyone can join the group), Closed (only you or other administrators of the panel can approve group members), or a Secret (only people who’ve got an invite can join) to friends and public. These three options will allow you to manage the group properly. After you have made your selection, save your job and a box will appear. It will ask you whether you want to’ Publish’ your group onto your profile page. Select the’ Publish’ option and your group will have been successfully created.
At the Outagamie Red Cross, the Shopping & Errand program is an already excellent way of reaching homebound seniors and the disabled. These services are available to individuals wherever they’re located-their apartment, retirement home, or house. Information about this program has been disbursed by delivering brochures to community centers and retirement homes, performing presentations at senior meal sites and retirement homes, and by recommendation of current clients to potential future ones. The Shopping & Errand program has increased from eight clients and one volunteer to 168 clients and twenty-five volunteers at a time of nineteen years; the same method of information disbursement, combined with a rough estimate of the senior population in Outagamie county doubling from 17, 000 in the next couple decades, 000 to 34, and the fact that this group is open to all seniors, not just the homebound or disabled, means that there is immense potential for the nutrition group to grow. The manager of the Shopping & Errand program, and most surely the volunteers, are familiar with the poor nutrition habits of many seniors. Mobilizing support through this auspice doesn’t seem as if it would be difficult.
The American Red Cross-Outagamie Chapter is a humanitarian organization, led by volunteers, that provides relief to victims of disasters and helps people prevent, prepare for and to meet the emergencies. It does this through services that are consistent with its congressional charter and the basic principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement (American Red Cross…, 2008).
Admittedly, Tony Gonzalez, director of the Outagamie Red Cross, noted that the Shopping & Errand program was kind of a stretch, but then again, the Red Cross is a ‘humanitarian organization’ and poor health may give rise to personal health emergencies-heart attacks, death, and diabetes. While it may represent a stretch, there is no way to deny the value and positive impact this program could have.
The prospective group members are all citizens aged fifty-five and above. The primary target is persons who’re disabled and/or homebound, as they’re in most need of improved health, and the secondary target is all other senior citizens. This group will be executed by volunteers, and volunteers will be established to be sensitive to any group member issues that may arise, keeping in mind that the requirements for the client and the ability for the client to participate in any way that he or she can is of the highest importance. Group membership is open and members are permitted to come and go as their need determines. Disruptive members will be warned about their behavior once, and if the behavior continues, the member will be withdrawn from the group. Members who engage in disruptive behavior on a consistent basis will be permanently withdrawn from the group. Group attrition will be addressed in a whatever-means-are-necessary type of mentality. Groups that are too low can potentially be combined. Recruitment will occur through the means of distribution of information through existing chains of communication in the Shopping & Errand program. Another possibility is door-to-door distribution of brochures, or bulk mailings.
So, not only does this group have the potential to lead to improved nutrition, but likewise it may give rise to an increased life span, owing to the increased opportunity seniors have for social support. Besides this, there will still be new persons entering retirement homes, or people who don’t join the group for whatever reason, so therefore making the time span indefinite allows access for the more people.
I would lead the initial groups while the group was starting to take its hold throughout the community. However, the long-term plan would be tantamount to train other people to be group leaders. A co-leader is unnecessary, but could become so if group membership rises to more than ten people; having a co-leader would then allow this large group to split into two smaller groups. These would enhance the group’s effectiveness and functioning. The group leader will be held responsible for being the final expert on what good nutrition is; it is the leader’s responsibility to respond to the question, or research it and submit to the answer at a later time. The leadership style, as mentioned before, will be democratic. This is based on the assumption that while the leader is ultimately the expert, there are a number of situations and sets of knowledge held only by those with certain life experiences; therefore, it may also be sometimes necessary to use feedback or advice from other group members. Another main responsibility of the task leader’s for the leader to maintain the group working within its open-sharing format, and to stop any cross-talk or negative communication trends as quickly as possible. As the group continues to increase in numbers throughout the community, the leader will be held responsible for recruiting and training additional group leaders. Anyone will be admitted as a group leader, however, the ideal group leaders would be senior citizens themselves. It is easiest for each group member to take advice from a person who is most like him or her self. Perhaps, some persons at the retirement homes will increase in personal functioning enough or have enough awareness to talk about nutrition. Realistically, the best candidates will be those seniors who’re still able to live independently.
The costs of the panel will be minimal. The initial leader will produce a very basic curriculum utilizing the previously mentioned structured task of writing down all the foods one eats in a week and then discussing what changes can be made. This can be done easily voluntarily in one’s spare time. Many of the groups will be organized in apartment buildings, local retirement homes, or other public places such as libraries that people can congregate for no or a low fee. Guest speakers may be used on occasion, so perhaps setting aside a small amount of money may need to be set aside for that. The biggest expense will be transportation; one goal of such a group would be to bus people to a location where they would be able to engage in the group, as some seniors may live alone in a place that doesn’t have access to this group. Typically, it is my personal experience that volunteers often don’t request reimbursement for travel expenses. In regard to group leaders, this may well be the case, but some money will need to be set aside in the case that group leaders are unable or unwilling to travel on their own expense.
Since this is an open group, new members will come about often. Introductions and/or an icebreaker will be used in order to help each new person to get to be aware of the other people in the panel prior to each meeting. Members may become anxious when having to discuss a portion of their diet in front of a panel of strangers, but when they see other members of the group openly sharing without fear and that others aren’t criticizing them, they’ll be more willing to open up to the group. In addition, group members will be reminded of the working rules at the start of each meeting in order that they know what sort of talk is acceptable. Encouraging full participation will primarily be the responsibility of the task leader; the leader will have to realize when it is necessary to move forward from more talkative members and perhaps ask the more quiet members for some input. Every group develops its own norms as it meets on a regular basis, and while none of the norms are damaging to any of the members progress and ensure healthy group functioning, the norms will be tolerated. Any norm that violates this principle must be quickly extinguished and reframed to a healthy functioning behavior. The most important norm is probably to read the rules prior to the start of every meeting to ensure that each member knows acceptable forms of conduct. The second most important norm to instill is to have each group member state his or her first name before sharing with the group; this avoids issues of crosstalk. This can be devastating to a group’s functioning.
Several potential obstacles exist that could threaten the life of the group. The primary obstacle will be the question of the group member attrition. This will be especially so with seniors in retirement homes as a result of the fragile nature of their health. The best solution appears to be to continue advertising the group through the previously-stated means in order to obtain new members to replace those who leave. Another possible obstacle to the group could be funding. Even though the group only requires very minimal funds for operating, who would want to provide the funds for a senior nutrition group? Seniors are a forgotten population, and aren’t as favored by the media as other populations, so raising even minimal funds may prove difficult. The best way to provide funds may be to hold fundraiser cookouts in front of local stores. A third obstacle could be too much crosstalk detracting from the group’s main purpose of personal nutrition. Seniors suffer from high rates of social isolation, and as a consequence, often engage in talk that isn’t relevant to the current topic. While they do need their social outlets, they’ll be reminded that they need to adhere to the topic and that they’re welcome to stay after the meeting and talk with other group members as they please.
Ideally, this unit will continue to perpetually exist, and no termination will be needed. The group’s placement in retirement homes means that people will be coming and going on a regular basis. There should still be at least a small number of people interested in the group. However, it may happen that the panel has to disband because of either of the potential barriers listed before. In that case, a final wrap-up session would be held. Any group members in continuing need of the group’s services would be given the necessary information to attend our groups in the fields, or similar ones. Another idea behind this group was to provide transportation for members if necessary, so those arrangements would be put as well. Group members would be praised for the progress they have made in the course of the final wrap-up session. Keeping in mind that they’re doing weekly (ideally) tracking of their diet, their most recent sheets will be in relation to their first sheets, and any positive changes will be noted. However, it is also important to point out that any regularly-attending seniors are able to conduct the group should they decide to do so, so any time a group is facing termination, an excellent opportunity is presented for seniors to step up and contribute.
The group evaluation method will be formative. At the last meeting of every month, the group leader will ask for verbal feedback about the unit and any member concerns. Suggestions may also be written down, for any members not comfortable sharing in face of the group. At the end of each quarter, the group leader will hand out a written evaluation tool where group members rate the unit and the leader in several different areas; group members again have the opportunity to provide any other suggestions they may have noted for the entire duration of the group. The reason for such intensive feedback is that, to my knowledge, not much data exists on this type of group, and I am assuming this to become the first year of the panel, so intensive feedback will be necessary to assist the group properly address member concerns and keep from falling apart.
QUESTION: I want to access my Groups when checking mail on my phone. i do not see any option to move to the groups.?Can you help.. how does one access the groups option on the phone in order to use the option within the individual groups.
Hi, Yahoo! Groups is not currently compatible with mobile devices, nor do we support access on those devices. You can try to access it on your browser using the normal URL (http://groups.yahoo.com) but we cannot guarantee it will work as it does on a computer. If you'd like to see this change, you can provide feedback directly to the product team here: http://yahoo.uservoice.com/forums/209451 Sorry for any inconvenience caused by this lack of functionality!